Goole Action Group

26) Number 22 Phoenix Street Goole 1891-1976




The family were away from home and the house unoccupied when the Census was taken in 1891, shortly after the house was built. They were probably aboard their vessel on the canal system or making a coastal passage. Can you tell us more about these particular Smiths?

There was a time when Masters' wives and family travelled aboard, either as crew or passengers, not just on inland waters, but to ports where many of these boatmen were born, on The Wash, the coasts of Norfolk and Suffolk, up the Thames estuary, even Channel ports such as Poole and Bridport in Dorset, sometimes around the Lizard and Lands End to Ireland and up the Bristol channel too. Other sailing ships crossed the Channel, making voyages to foreign ports in the Low Countries, France and over the German Sea, to the Baltic. Yes, Goole had close links with Eastern European countries long before 2008. Some vessels made deep sea passages that lasted for months - to the Newfoundland fisheries, the Gulf of Mexico and South American countries, amongst others.



Joseph Fozzard was the son of Joseph and Sarah Fozzard of Knottingley, b. 1837. (  When the 1861 census was taken he was 24, still unmarried, and master of the “Eliza” berthed at Ryde, Isle of Wight.


Gosney and Bowyer's “The Sailing Ships and Mariners of Knottingley”1 mentions three vessels named “Eliza” all built before 1861. One was a sloop rig built by Worfolk of Knottingley in 1849 for Joseph Watson and Elizabeth Jackson, of Knottingley. This vessel was employed on the inland navigations after 1875. The other two were built in 1829 at Burton Stather, for Knottingley owners ( lost at sea in 1871 after fouling a lightship), and the third, built by Henry Teal, Leeds,1839 for Knottingley owners apparently stopped trading after 1861. Also there were several “Eliza” ships, built elsewhere, registered at Goole between 1828 and 1894. Was the “Eliza” that Joseph Fozzard sailed in 1861 any of these?


Joseph's marriage to Ellen Earnshaw of Knottingley took place on 11 Mar 1863[1 --> at St. Giles Church, Pontefract, Yorkshire[1 --> (


It is not known where Joseph and Ellen were at the 1871 census. However, that year the master of a vessel named “Eliza” was moored at Kimberworth Colliery Houses, South Yorkshire. William Sutton gave his age as 48, With him were his wife Eliza 50, their son Watson 18 and daughter Eliza 8, all born at Thorne. Was this the same “Eliza” that Joseph Fozzard had sailed?


Joseph, 44 and his wife Ellen, whose age was given as 46, were aboard Joseph's vessel “Helena” berthed at Hull. No trace of an “Helena” appears in Gosney's records suggesting this was a ship built and registered at Hull, or some other port.


Joseph, now 53 was Master of the “Gem” moored alongside the quay at Poole, Dorset, with a crew of mate and boy and accompanied by Ellen 56 , the master's wife, travelling as a passenger.


Gosney and Bowyer list a vessel named “Gem”, built in 1847 by James Craven of Wakefield, for William Gandy and Matthew Woodall of Knottingley. Another “Gem” was Worfolk's Knottingley-built schooner registered in 1863 for first owners Thomas Simmons of Knottingley and Charles Baily of South Stockton. Could this have been Joseph Fozzard's ship?


After a lifetime of coastal sailing old seafarer Joseph Fozzard and his wife Ellen eventually made landfall at 22 Phoenix Street, Goole, but Joseph died soon afterwards, doing what he did best - voyaging along the waterways. The Knottingley Burial Registers record the death of Joseph Fozzard aged 62, Mariner, December 19th 1901 at Allerton Bywater. Burial at Knottingley Cemetery was by Coroner's Order, suggesting an inquest had taken place upon Joseph's sudden/accidental death.



Ellen Fozzard, died October 10th 1904 aged 74 years. Goole Cemetery inscriptions also show the burial in the same grave of Elizabeth Sutton, who died June 7th 1912 aged 77 years, probably indicating that Ellen and Elizabeth were close relatives, perhaps sisters. [The Digest records of Knottingley and Pontefract families show that Ellen had a sister named Elizabeth (b. 1836) five years younger than herself. Elizabeth Earnshaw married twice, although a Sutton is not recorded. [The 1881 census includes a widowed Elizabeth, aged 73, at the Red Lion Inn, Low Green, Knottingley but her age suggests she was the mother of Ellen Fozzard and her two sisters. -->

Elizabeth Sutton, born at Knottingley, was living at 5 Vermuyden Terrace, Goole in 1881, when she was 46, and the wife of William Sutton, licensed victualler, aged 60 (b. Thorne). Sarah Elizabeth Nicholson (b. Goole), a five year old grand-daughter, lived with Mr. & Mrs. Sutton. Mariners quite often became licensees when they came ashore from active seafaring. William Sutton died before the 1901 census, when widowed Elizabeth Sutton, then the tavern keeper herself, still lived at the same address in Vermuyden Terrace. Could it have been this William Sutton, who was master of the “Eliza” in 1871? If so, that may have been the very same vessel sailed by Joseph Fozzard in 1861.

Following Ellen Fozzard's death in 1904, residents at 22 Phoenix Street included two well-known Goole brass bandsmen - Thomas Chester and Alfred George Perrett.



Thomas Chester, born in 1860 at Skelton, near Howden, was the son of Ann and Thomas Chester. His father was a shipwright and the young Thomas eventually followed the same trade. In 1871 the Chester household - Thomas 11, younger sisters Alice 8 and Mary Annie 6 - were living at Vermuyden Terrace, Goole, where they remained in 1881. By 1891, Thomas aged 32 had married. He and his wife Alice (b.Barnsley) had a son John 5, and daughters Nellie 7, Polly 4 years, and Lily 9 months at their home, 15 Dutch River Side. Thomas's widowed sister Mary was living with them. It is not known when they moved to 22 Phoenix Street but it could have been soon after the death of Ellen Fozzard in 1904.

Thomas Chester may have heard about the house becoming available through his near neighbour, Elizabeth Sutton, whose Vermuyden Terrace home was close to the Chesters on Dutch River Side. And no doubt it was the friendship between the bandsmen that in due course led Mr. Chester's younger colleague, Alfred George Perrett, to that same address in Phoenix Street.



George Perrett was born at Devizes in Wiltshire, coming to Goole as a boy. He was a joiner in 1901, aged 24, unmarried, and living at 54 Edinburgh Street, the home of his widowed mother. In 1902 Mr. Perrett wed Edith Emma Andrew at Beverley.

Alfred George Perrett conducted Goole's prizewinning Brass Band for fifty years. He died aged 68, in 1945, at 16 Kingsway.  Mr. Perrett deserves to be remembered for his lifelong contribution to the town.  Besides being a “well-known brass bandsman”, his obituary in the Goole Times commemorated Mr. Perrett's all-round musicianship, “not only as a hobby, but also as a duty to his fellow citizens”.


The Band began in 1884 as the Goole South Street Band, “founded by the late Israel (Clockie) Jackson” who had just arrived in Goole from Boston on the Wash, where he set up on Barge Dock-side as a watchmaker and jeweller, before acquiring a fleet of small schooners, branching out into shipping repairs, acting as the local agent for Lloyds, and becoming secretary of the Shipwrecked Mariners Benevolent Society.  It is not surprising to find that two of the first bandmasters were Mr. J. Chester and Mr. T. Chester, a family well-known in Goole's shipbuilding and shipwright circles.  Mr. Jackson was also a lay preacher in the Wesleyan church.  He started the band to provide music for services at South Street Mission Chapel, with the temperance cause and the “interests of the poor of Goole at heart”2. Under bandmaster Mr. T. Chester the South Street Sunday School scholars followed the band on the occasion of Queen Victoria's Jubilee celebrations in 1887, marching behind the procession of dignitaries led by Goole Recreation Company's Band.   

A Member's card (2d. weekly) admitted players to all practices held at the South Street Old Chapel on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays, as well as band concerts, etc.3 By 1907, after several successful seasons under Bandmaster Mr. Thomas Chester, then living at 15 Dutch River-side, Secretary Mr. G. Jepson of Percy Street, and Conductor Mr. G. Perrett of 22 Phoenix Street, the band was able to call itself Goole South Street Prize Band.

The year 1910 saw the Band take 2nd 3rd and 4th places and special prizes in contests. Mr. Perrett was credited with training the band to this winning standard. He was also a prize-winning cornet soloist.

The band changed its name to the Goole Town Prize Band in 1914, when it moved from the previous bandroom at the South Street Old Chapel to hold its practices on Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday at the Palace of Varieties Room.   Hook United Brass Band also practised there.




The picture and variety hall known as as the Hook Road Palace of Varieties was erected on the site of the Phoenix Foundry during the latter part of 1909 by Mr. T. Harniess, a travelling showman. Under the management of Mr. John Edward Rose, who also lived in Phoenix Street for a time, two long films were shown each week, the program changing every Monday and Thursday, and “turns” were engaged to entertain the audience. However, by 1912 this building had become the club rooms and registered office of the Goole Social Club Ltd. where billiard and bagatelle tables provided “pastime for the working men of the town”.4

N.B. Sad to say, this building was demolished and the warehouse site cleared in December 2007 but the Band lives on, in a framed photograph presented to Mr. Perrett to mark his prized leadership. It hangs on the staircase of Goole library.

When Goole celebrated its Centenary in 1926 evening concerts were held at West and South Parks, and the Goole Town Band offered “very fine programmes that the audience greatly enjoyed especially their numbers from No No Nanette and the well-known march “Mephistopheles”. Afterwards the band played for dancing.”5

The prize band changed its title again when Goole became a Borough in 1933 but “without Mr. Perrett, the Goole Borough Band would have ceased to exist”. During the second world war it was he who kept it alive, despite his own failing health. He did not live to see VE Day and perhaps it was a blessing that he was not there to see the Band to which he had devoted his life so badly let-down.

After the war the band was in urgent need of young recruits, money and a bandroom “where practice makes perfect”. Sixteen Goole bandsmen and three others serving in the forces still remained in 1951, out of a full brass complement of twenty-four. Free tuition and free instruments were still provided but collections at concerts barely covered expenses, not to say the cost of uniforms at £15 each, never mind instruments: the smallest E flat soprano cornet was £200 and to replace a full set would have been £2,500.

Despite a public appeal, those glory days when the whole town turned out to cheer the band's champion players were gone forever. Corporate sponsorship was “so small as to be undignified” - the officials who were left provided a sober epitaph:

“The next time Goole Borough Band leads a procession to church on Mayor's Sunday, or to the Cenotaph on Armistice Day, think how much more hopelessly out of step everyone would be without those musicians at the front”..6




Henry George Wellard b. 1876 was a man of Kent, who as a young man in 1901 served as one of four seaman and two lamplighters under the master of the Gull Lightship, stationed in the Gull Stream - a channel used by coastal vessels off Ramsgate, where the lightship marked the western limit of the notorious Goodwin Sands.

Michael Millichamp, who runs a Lighthouse enthusiast's site ( (and who has been up the Ouse to photograph the Whitgift lighthouse) kindly corresponded (January 2008) as follows:

“There were 3 lightships on the Gull. Ship No. 1 was built in 1809. Ship No.2 which was placed there in 1860 until 1929 - that is your light ship. No. 3 placed there in 1929.

It was in 1809 that the first 158 ton wooden lightship was positioned in the Gull Stream on the western edge of the Goodwin Sands. It cost £4,197 and had 'Gull' written in large white letters on its side. Two fixed lights shone from its single mast. The ship also had a fog gong. In 1856 she was run into by an American vessel but was back in service with lights ablaze within three hours.

In 1860 the old Gull was replaced by another lightship showing a one flash signal, 38 feet above sea level with a visibility of 10 miles. She too carried a fog gong and was one of the first lightships to carry a revolving light operated by clockwork.

In March 1929, after long service, the vessel then on station was withdrawn for an overhaul and another lightship, No. 38, was towed to Gull station and the crew of the withdrawn lightship transferred to her. Lightship No. 38 had already 60 years service under her belt mainly at Lyn Well station on the Wash.” 

It must have been shipping that brought Henry George Wellard to Goole where he married Lily Rose née Franklin in 1911. During 1913 and 1914 an H. G. Wellard is listed in the Goole Times annual directories as living at 45 George Street. This accommodation may have been close to Lily's older brother Charles: a “C. Franklin” lived at 56 George Street at that time.

In 1915 H. G. Wellard shows up at 34 Estcourt Street and then from 1916 to 1940 (when the directory was last published due to wartime restrictions) H. G. Wellard's address was 22 Phoenix Street, where he and his wife brought up a family of sons and daughters - H. G. junior born 1912, Edward 1914, Ada 1916, Olive 1918 and Frank 1923.

Henry G. Wellard Snr. died at Goole in 1951.

Mr. & Mrs. Wellard's eldest son, also Henry G. Wellard, and his wife Esme (née Harrison) brought up a son and daughter at Goole. The younger Henry G. Wellard died 28th March 1976 aged 64 years (Boothferry Family & Local History Group Goole Cemetery Monumental Inscriptions Entry 599 Vol.5).

If you can continue the story of this house, please contribute your memories below


Shuffleton Streets

28 March 2008

August 2010

HENRY AUSTWICK, (Like HENRY WELLARD above) also lived at 34 ESTCOURT STREET, GOOLE (demolished some 30 years ago) and his brother RICHARD AUSTWICK moved to 6 PHOENIX STREET.  This fine photograph of the Master Mariner in his sailing "rig" is a grand illustration of those seafarers who made Goole their home port.  Henry Austwick's great grandson has contributed the following information about his family:


This is a picture of my greatgrandfather Henry Austwick.

He was born 8th August 1858 to John and Sarah (nee
Cawood). He married a girl called Ada. At the age of 23 per the census
3rd April 1881 he was 23, married and master of a vessel called
Elizabeth. His Father and brother Richard appear to have been masters
of a vessel called the two friends.

Henry lived at 34 Estcourt street from where my grandfather John was
married from December 1931.

I hope to vist Goole one day although it would appear Estcourt street
no longer exists as it once did.

Henry Austwick




1 ISBN 0 9534696 0 3 available at Goole Reference Library

2Obituary IJ The Goole Times October 6 1905

3The Goole Times Illustrated Almanack 1907

4The Goole Times August 30 1912

5The Goole Times July 2 1926

6 The Goole Times September 7 1951

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Visitor Comments

Posted by Sh at 10/02/2009 10:38

ref. LILY WELLARD - BFLHG MI vol.1 Entry 879: "in loving/memory of/Lily WELLARD/a devo .../wife & mother/At rest." [Died 8th August 1930 aged 44]

Posted by Stephen Austwick at 30/07/2010 12:47

34 Estcourt St is mentioned. Henry Austwick , Keelman, my great grandfather lived at that address (I have a photo) he is the brother of Richard who lived at number 6 Pheonix. I also have a photo of Henry's wife Ada.My Grandfather John (Jack) was married from 34 Estcourt St. Is any of this of interest plaese contact if so. Regards

Posted by Alana Mills (ne: Wellard) at 14/02/2011 08:09

has posted a message on Phoenix Street 1940: "Henry and Esme Wellard from phoenix street were my grandparents. Roger is my Dad. If anyone wants any further information on this drop me a line."

Posted by Susan Keeting at 15/05/2011 23:31

Hi Steven, My name is Susan Keeting and I am the daughter in law of Sydney Austwick Keeting, who is the son of Henry Austwick and Vivien Keeting. I recently received a copy of the Austwick family tree from a relative in Australia and Henry, Ada and Richard who you mention are clearly shown on there. Your comments mention you have a photograph of Ada, would it be possible for you to email me it and any other photos you may have. I know my family would be delighted to receive any such photos as my Father in law only has a tiny picture which is very faded. Kind Regards Susan Keeting

Posted by Shuffleton Streets at 16/05/2011 07:53

Are you aware of Keeting enquiries made 10 March 2008 from Ange (Australia) on the Social History page? Searching for Vivien K.

Posted by Shuffleton Streets at 21/05/2011 07:32

See Susan Keeting's response to the Social History page 19/05/2011.

Posted by John Brown at 24/07/2013 23:22 - Send Email

henry austwick was my mothers granddad her mother was maude she married my grandad 1903 in thorne,if you have any old photo s I would love to se them

Posted by Shuffleton Streets at 29/07/2013 20:16

John, your info very interesting. Unfortunately the Goole Action Group does not hold any direct information nor photographs of past residents. We are dependent upon family backgrounds being provided by such as you, to keep the site alive. If you can add more in dates or any other way to this connection with Henry Austwick, please do tell us for these snippets all add to our site and help others who do research, too. Thanks a lot.

Posted by Austwick From Austraila at 18/08/2013 03:44

My great grandmother was a Maud Austwick who was married to Charles Austwick. They were from South Shields. Maud divorced Charles around 1910-1915 and immigrated to Australia with her children; George, Ernest, Charles & Ethel-Maud. Divorces were unheard of in those days. I believe they were mariners and had a connection with Goole. I would love to know more about my family history & welcome any information.

Posted by Shuffleton Streets at 27/08/2013 19:06

Apologies for the delay in posting the Australian family Austwick news - summer school hols and all that over here! I will look out my "diggings" and see if I have more info. to post on the family you mention. Divorce was still a dirty word in small towns like Goole well into the seventies but I am sure that partnerships continued to support the children and lives continued to be lived. More as soon as I can ferret out anything I have.

Posted by Shuffleton Streets at 28/08/2013 09:20

Checked my notes on Austwicks at Goole. No mention of a Charles Austwick, but Henry and Ada Austwick had a daughter named Maud, born at Knottingley, who was aged 5 on the 1891 census when the family lived at 1 St. John's Terrace, Goole. It is believed that this Maud Austwick was married at Thorne to William Newsome Asquith in 1903. Have you checked birth details for your g.grandmother, or can you add anything to the Goole connection you mention? As S. Shields was also a port, it is possible that your ancestral relatives did come to Goole.

Posted by Nadine Raper (maiden Name Keeting) at 17/09/2013 21:17

My eldest daughter has been working on our family tree and im really amazed at the amount of information she has been able to find out. I would love to know any further information if anyone has any. I was born 16th November 1952 my father was Lawrence Austick and my mother was Marion Hammill. I never knew my grandmother May who died in Jan 1953 and never knew anything about my grand-dad I searched years ago for information marriage/death certificate but could not find either. I know very little about my dad's side of the family as he died in his early 40's I would love to hear from anyone who knew anything about the Keeting/Austick family Regards Nadine

Posted by Shuffleton Streets at 18/09/2013 13:37

Hi Nadine, have you checked out the earlier feedback comments above your own posting? You will also see references to further information posted on another page that may be helpful, sent from family members in Australia. Are you in contact with Ange or Susan? Their emails are given with their posts.

Posted by John Brown at 08/04/2014 11:35 - Send Email

I was reading about Maude Austwick living goole and marrying in thorne I think you will find she married a Charles Henry Oglesby she went on to have 12 children. and in 1925 she walked out on them all I know because she was my mothers mother. I believe she went to live in York were she died in 1946. her children never ever so her again.

Posted by Shuffleton Streets at 10/04/2014 20:03

John Brown, thank you for your post above re Maude Austwick. Does your information come from family marriage certificate in that Maude became Mrs. Oglesby? If so, it would be appreciated if you were willing to share the details, so that the reference in an earlier post re Newsome can be corrected. A sad story you tell, but nevertheless one that could be helpful to others who link into the family. Look forward to more dates and addresses, ages and occupations and so on at the time of the marriage if you are prepared to share these. Many thanks for contacting the site.
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