26) Number 22 Phoenix Street Goole 1891-1976
“THOSE WHO CAME BEFORE US” - EARLIER RESIDENTS AT NUMBER 22 PHOENIX STREET
The family were away from home and the house unoccupied when the Census was taken in 1891, shortly after the house was built. They were probably aboard their vessel on the canal system or making a coastal passage. Can you tell us more about these particular Smiths?
There was a time when Masters' wives and family travelled aboard, either as crew or passengers, not just on inland waters, but to ports where many of these boatmen were born, on The Wash, the coasts of Norfolk and Suffolk, up the Thames estuary, even Channel ports such as Poole and Bridport in Dorset, sometimes around the Lizard and Lands End to Ireland and up the Bristol channel too. Other sailing ships crossed the Channel, making voyages to foreign ports in the Low Countries, France and over the German Sea, to the Baltic. Yes, Goole had close links with Eastern European countries long before 2008. Some vessels made deep sea passages that lasted for months - to the Newfoundland fisheries, the Gulf of Mexico and South American countries, amongst others.
JOSEPH and ELLEN FOZZARD
Joseph Fozzard was the son of Joseph and Sarah Fozzard of Knottingley, b. 1837. (www.thedigest.co.uk) When the 1861 census was taken he was 24, still unmarried, and master of the “Eliza” berthed at Ryde, Isle of Wight.
VESSELS NAMED “ELIZA”
Gosney and Bowyer's “The Sailing Ships and Mariners of Knottingley”1 mentions three vessels named “Eliza” all built before 1861. One was a sloop rig built by Worfolk of Knottingley in 1849 for Joseph Watson and Elizabeth Jackson, of Knottingley. This vessel was employed on the inland navigations after 1875. The other two were built in 1829 at Burton Stather, for Knottingley owners ( lost at sea in 1871 after fouling a lightship), and the third, built by Henry Teal, Leeds,1839 for Knottingley owners apparently stopped trading after 1861. Also there were several “Eliza” ships, built elsewhere, registered at Goole between 1828 and 1894. Was the “Eliza” that Joseph Fozzard sailed in 1861 any of these?
Joseph's marriage to Ellen Earnshaw of Knottingley took place on 11 Mar 1863[1 --> at St. Giles Church, Pontefract, Yorkshire[1 --> (www.thedigest.co.uk)
It is not known where Joseph and Ellen were at the 1871 census. However, that year the master of a vessel named “Eliza” was moored at Kimberworth Colliery Houses, South Yorkshire. William Sutton gave his age as 48, With him were his wife Eliza 50, their son Watson 18 and daughter Eliza 8, all born at Thorne. Was this the same “Eliza” that Joseph Fozzard had sailed?
Joseph, 44 and his wife Ellen, whose age was given as 46, were aboard Joseph's vessel “Helena” berthed at Hull. No trace of an “Helena” appears in Gosney's records suggesting this was a ship built and registered at Hull, or some other port.
Joseph, now 53 was Master of the “Gem” moored alongside the quay at Poole, Dorset, with a crew of mate and boy and accompanied by Ellen 56 , the master's wife, travelling as a passenger.
Gosney and Bowyer list a vessel named “Gem”, built in 1847 by James Craven of Wakefield, for William Gandy and Matthew Woodall of Knottingley. Another “Gem” was Worfolk's Knottingley-built schooner registered in 1863 for first owners Thomas Simmons of Knottingley and Charles Baily of South Stockton. Could this have been Joseph Fozzard's ship?
After a lifetime of coastal sailing old seafarer Joseph Fozzard and his wife Ellen eventually made landfall at 22 Phoenix Street, Goole, but Joseph died soon afterwards, doing what he did best - voyaging along the waterways. The Knottingley Burial Registers record the death of Joseph Fozzard aged 62, Mariner, December 19th 1901 at Allerton Bywater. Burial at Knottingley Cemetery was by Coroner's Order, suggesting an inquest had taken place upon Joseph's sudden/accidental death.
Ellen Fozzard, died October 10th 1904 aged 74 years. Goole Cemetery inscriptions also show the burial in the same grave of Elizabeth Sutton, who died June 7th 1912 aged 77 years, probably indicating that Ellen and Elizabeth were close relatives, perhaps sisters. [The Digest records of Knottingley and Pontefract families show that Ellen had a sister named Elizabeth (b. 1836) five years younger than herself. Elizabeth Earnshaw married twice, although a Sutton is not recorded. [The 1881 census includes a widowed Elizabeth, aged 73, at the Red Lion Inn, Low Green, Knottingley but her age suggests she was the mother of Ellen Fozzard and her two sisters. -->
Elizabeth Sutton, born at Knottingley, was living at 5 Vermuyden Terrace, Goole in 1881, when she was 46, and the wife of William Sutton, licensed victualler, aged 60 (b. Thorne). Sarah Elizabeth Nicholson (b. Goole), a five year old grand-daughter, lived with Mr. & Mrs. Sutton. Mariners quite often became licensees when they came ashore from active seafaring. William Sutton died before the 1901 census, when widowed Elizabeth Sutton, then the tavern keeper herself, still lived at the same address in Vermuyden Terrace. Could it have been this William Sutton, who was master of the “Eliza” in 1871? If so, that may have been the very same vessel sailed by Joseph Fozzard in 1861.
Following Ellen Fozzard's death in 1904, residents at 22 Phoenix Street included two well-known Goole brass bandsmen - Thomas Chester and Alfred George Perrett.
Thomas Chester, born in 1860 at Skelton, near Howden, was the son of Ann and Thomas Chester. His father was a shipwright and the young Thomas eventually followed the same trade. In 1871 the Chester household - Thomas 11, younger sisters Alice 8 and Mary Annie 6 - were living at Vermuyden Terrace, Goole, where they remained in 1881. By 1891, Thomas aged 32 had married. He and his wife Alice (b.Barnsley) had a son John 5, and daughters Nellie 7, Polly 4 years, and Lily 9 months at their home, 15 Dutch River Side. Thomas's widowed sister Mary was living with them. It is not known when they moved to 22 Phoenix Street but it could have been soon after the death of Ellen Fozzard in 1904.
Thomas Chester may have heard about the house becoming available through his near neighbour, Elizabeth Sutton, whose Vermuyden Terrace home was close to the Chesters on Dutch River Side. And no doubt it was the friendship between the bandsmen that in due course led Mr. Chester's younger colleague, Alfred George Perrett, to that same address in Phoenix Street.
ALFRED GEORGE PERRETT
George Perrett was born at Devizes in Wiltshire, coming to Goole as a boy. He was a joiner in 1901, aged 24, unmarried, and living at 54 Edinburgh Street, the home of his widowed mother. In 1902 Mr. Perrett wed Edith Emma Andrew at Beverley.
Alfred George Perrett conducted Goole's prizewinning Brass Band for fifty years. He died aged 68, in 1945, at 16 Kingsway. Mr. Perrett deserves to be remembered for his lifelong contribution to the town. Besides being a “well-known brass bandsman”, his obituary in the Goole Times commemorated Mr. Perrett's all-round musicianship, “not only as a hobby, but also as a duty to his fellow citizens”.
GOOLE'S PRIZEWINNING BAND
The Band began in 1884 as the Goole South Street Band, “founded by the late Israel (Clockie) Jackson” who had just arrived in Goole from Boston on the Wash, where he set up on Barge Dock-side as a watchmaker and jeweller, before acquiring a fleet of small schooners, branching out into shipping repairs, acting as the local agent for Lloyds, and becoming secretary of the Shipwrecked Mariners Benevolent Society. It is not surprising to find that two of the first bandmasters were Mr. J. Chester and Mr. T. Chester, a family well-known in Goole's shipbuilding and shipwright circles. Mr. Jackson was also a lay preacher in the Wesleyan church. He started the band to provide music for services at South Street Mission Chapel, with the temperance cause and the “interests of the poor of Goole at heart”2. Under bandmaster Mr. T. Chester the South Street Sunday School scholars followed the band on the occasion of Queen Victoria's Jubilee celebrations in 1887, marching behind the procession of dignitaries led by Goole Recreation Company's Band.
A Member's card (2d. weekly) admitted players to all practices held at the South Street Old Chapel on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays, as well as band concerts, etc.3 By 1907, after several successful seasons under Bandmaster Mr. Thomas Chester, then living at 15 Dutch River-side, Secretary Mr. G. Jepson of Percy Street, and Conductor Mr. G. Perrett of 22 Phoenix Street, the band was able to call itself Goole South Street Prize Band.
The year 1910 saw the Band take 2nd 3rd and 4th places and special prizes in contests. Mr. Perrett was credited with training the band to this winning standard. He was also a prize-winning cornet soloist.
The band changed its name to the Goole Town Prize Band in 1914, when it moved from the previous bandroom at the South Street Old Chapel to hold its practices on Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday at the Palace of Varieties Room. Hook United Brass Band also practised there.
THE PALACE OF VARIETIES
The picture and variety hall known as as the Hook Road Palace of Varieties was erected on the site of the Phoenix Foundry during the latter part of 1909 by Mr. T. Harniess, a travelling showman. Under the management of Mr. John Edward Rose, who also lived in Phoenix Street for a time, two long films were shown each week, the program changing every Monday and Thursday, and “turns” were engaged to entertain the audience. However, by 1912 this building had become the club rooms and registered office of the Goole Social Club Ltd. where billiard and bagatelle tables provided “pastime for the working men of the town”.4
N.B. Sad to say, this building was demolished and the warehouse site cleared in December 2007 but the Band lives on, in a framed photograph presented to Mr. Perrett to mark his prized leadership. It hangs on the staircase of Goole library.
When Goole celebrated its Centenary in 1926 evening concerts were held at West and South Parks, and the Goole Town Band offered “very fine programmes that the audience greatly enjoyed especially their numbers from No No Nanette and the well-known march “Mephistopheles”. Afterwards the band played for dancing.”5
The prize band changed its title again when Goole became a Borough in 1933 but “without Mr. Perrett, the Goole Borough Band would have ceased to exist”. During the second world war it was he who kept it alive, despite his own failing health. He did not live to see VE Day and perhaps it was a blessing that he was not there to see the Band to which he had devoted his life so badly let-down.
After the war the band was in urgent need of young recruits, money and a bandroom “where practice makes perfect”. Sixteen Goole bandsmen and three others serving in the forces still remained in 1951, out of a full brass complement of twenty-four. Free tuition and free instruments were still provided but collections at concerts barely covered expenses, not to say the cost of uniforms at £15 each, never mind instruments: the smallest E flat soprano cornet was £200 and to replace a full set would have been £2,500.
Despite a public appeal, those glory days when the whole town turned out to cheer the band's champion players were gone forever. Corporate sponsorship was “so small as to be undignified” - the officials who were left provided a sober epitaph:
“The next time Goole Borough Band leads a procession to church on Mayor's Sunday, or to the Cenotaph on Armistice Day, think how much more hopelessly out of step everyone would be without those musicians at the front”..6
HENRY GEORGE WELLARD
Henry George Wellard b. 1876 was a man of Kent, who as a young man in 1901 served as one of four seaman and two lamplighters under the master of the Gull Lightship, stationed in the Gull Stream - a channel used by coastal vessels off Ramsgate, where the lightship marked the western limit of the notorious Goodwin Sands.
Michael Millichamp, who runs a Lighthouse enthusiast's site (www.sadoldgit.com/) (and who has been up the Ouse to photograph the Whitgift lighthouse) kindly corresponded (January 2008) as follows:
“There were 3 lightships on the Gull. Ship No. 1 was built in 1809. Ship No.2 which was placed there in 1860 until 1929 - that is your light ship. No. 3 placed there in 1929.
It was in 1809 that the first 158 ton wooden lightship was positioned in the Gull Stream on the western edge of the Goodwin Sands. It cost £4,197 and had 'Gull' written in large white letters on its side. Two fixed lights shone from its single mast. The ship also had a fog gong. In 1856 she was run into by an American vessel but was back in service with lights ablaze within three hours.
In 1860 the old Gull was replaced by another lightship showing a one flash signal, 38 feet above sea level with a visibility of 10 miles. She too carried a fog gong and was one of the first lightships to carry a revolving light operated by clockwork.
In March 1929, after long service, the vessel then on station was withdrawn for an overhaul and another lightship, No. 38, was towed to Gull station and the crew of the withdrawn lightship transferred to her. Lightship No. 38 had already 60 years service under her belt mainly at Lyn Well station on the Wash.”
It must have been shipping that brought Henry George Wellard to Goole where he married Lily Rose née Franklin in 1911. During 1913 and 1914 an H. G. Wellard is listed in the Goole Times annual directories as living at 45 George Street. This accommodation may have been close to Lily's older brother Charles: a “C. Franklin” lived at 56 George Street at that time.
In 1915 H. G. Wellard shows up at 34 Estcourt Street and then from 1916 to 1940 (when the directory was last published due to wartime restrictions) H. G. Wellard's address was 22 Phoenix Street, where he and his wife brought up a family of sons and daughters - H. G. junior born 1912, Edward 1914, Ada 1916, Olive 1918 and Frank 1923.
Henry G. Wellard Snr. died at Goole in 1951.
Mr. & Mrs. Wellard's eldest son, also Henry G. Wellard, and his wife Esme (née Harrison) brought up a son and daughter at Goole. The younger Henry G. Wellard died 28th March 1976 aged 64 years (Boothferry Family & Local History Group Goole Cemetery Monumental Inscriptions Entry 599 Vol.5).
If you can continue the story of this house, please contribute your memories below
28 March 2008
HENRY AUSTWICK, (Like HENRY WELLARD above) also lived at 34 ESTCOURT STREET, GOOLE (demolished some 30 years ago) and his brother RICHARD AUSTWICK moved to 6 PHOENIX STREET. This fine photograph of the Master Mariner in his sailing "rig" is a grand illustration of those seafarers who made Goole their home port. Henry Austwick's great grandson has contributed the following information about his family:
This is a picture of my greatgrandfather Henry Austwick.
He was born 8th August 1858 to John and Sarah (nee
Cawood). He married a girl called Ada. At the age of 23 per the census
3rd April 1881 he was 23, married and master of a vessel called
Elizabeth. His Father and brother Richard appear to have been masters
of a vessel called the two friends.
Henry lived at 34 Estcourt street from where my grandfather John was
married from December 1931.
I hope to vist Goole one day although it would appear Estcourt street
no longer exists as it once did.
1 ISBN 0 9534696 0 3 available at Goole Reference Library
2Obituary IJ The Goole Times October 6 1905
3The Goole Times Illustrated Almanack 1907
4The Goole Times August 30 1912
5The Goole Times July 2 1926
6 The Goole Times September 7 1951
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